The heritage sites in Qatar offer a rich culture to the world, which boasts of the finest forts, cities, mosques, towers and architecture of the 19th century. The culture flaunts a Bedouin tradition through its art, literature, preaching and lifestyle. There are several stories and tales narrated by people settled along the Persian Gulf and sea culture through time.

Dating back to 50,000 years, the history of Qatar has defined its civilization that began with humans using tools. Islam was one of the first religions introduced in the country, which impacted the culture of the country. The culture and traditions are seen preserved in the historical grounds of the country.

10 Heritage Sites To Discover The Old Past Of Qatar

  • Al Zubarah Archaeological Site
  • Ruwayda
  • Ras Abrouq
  • Barzan Towers
  • Al Wajbah Fort
  • The Pigeon Towers
  • Ar Rakayat Fort
  • Jazirat Bin Ghanam / Purple Island
  • Al Jassiya Rock Carvings
  • Al Khor Towers

The heritage and culture add to the beauty of Qatar, which makes it the ideal leisure destination in the world. Qatar has several untouched attractions, preserved for their historical influence along with being home to some of the most amazing monuments and towers in the city.

Tourists will get a sneak peek into the true colors of Qatar inside the walls of the attractions nestled by the busy city or fort standing at an isolated region of the country. There are several cultural and UNESCO world heritage sites in Qatar that are worth exploring on your vacation.

1. Al Zubarah Archaeological Site

Al Zubarah Archaeological Site

Recently added to the list of UNSECO world heritage site of Qatar in 2013, Al Zubarah Archaeological site is home to some of the archeological remains of 1760 Qatar civilization which include forts, houses, markets and mosques.

Al Zubarah Fort was built in 1938 to protect the inland well of the city, and has the remains of the past have been well preserved since. It is a proven fact that Qatar has always been a land with the finest architecture flaunting a blend of Qatari techniques and traditional touches. The city being a coastal town, was used as an exporting port, along with the markets for trading and industries that helped in building up the financial structure makes the fort one of the ideal heritage sites in Qatar.

Address: Qatar

Opening Hours: 8 am – 6 pm

2. Ruwayda

Ruwayda
Image Credit

One of the most stunning attractions  and biggest archeological places in Qatar, Ruwayda was discovered in 1970 for its archaeological importance. While it was being excavated, there were several items like ceramics, earthenware, granite mortar, porcelain cups and mangrove rood bean are found. These items were said to have originated from parts of Europe, Iran and Africa.

At present, people around the world come to discover the historical facts of Ruwayda. It was built within the courtyard houses and warehouses, Ruwayda is known for its past urban settlements. Over a period of time, it was rebuilt and since the 18th century has been abandoned. It is a mysterious place with a hidden past.

Address: Northern Qatar, extending over 2.5 km along the coastline

Opening Hours: 11 am –2 pm

3. Ras Abrouq

Ras Abrouq

The peninsular land is home to prehistoric settlement and human occupation and is dominated by eroded cliffs and mushroom-shaped hills. The archaeologists discovered a lot about the history of Qatar. Ras Abrouq was never a permanent home to humans but the remains of nomadic tribes and their hunting tools.
It is one of the best tourist attractions situated on the northernmost extension of the Zekreet Peninsula, a stretch of land to the north of Dukhan in Qatar.

With such stunning historical sites, tourists will never want to leave. If people want to take a break from all the sightseeing, they can go spend a day on the beaches in Doha.

Address: Northernmost extension of the Zekreet Peninsula, Qatar

Opening Hours:  Get in touch with the authorities to know more about the timings.

Suggested Read: Malls In Qatar That Will Make Your Shopping Worthwhile

4. Barzan Towers

Barzan Towers

Constructed in 1919 and 1960 by Sheikh Mohammad Bin Jassim Al Thani, the towers were used as a watchtower to keep a watch over the region and observe the movement to predict the dates based on the lunar calendar.

The heritage site in Qatar is now open to the public. The architecture resembles the techniques used while designing and materials like clay and mud to build the towers during the early settlement. The towers are cylindrical and rectangular structures, at a height of 14 meters.  The several floors built in the tower gave birth to the name Barzan, which means high place.

Address: Muhammed, ، Qatar

Opening Hours: 24 hours

Suggested Read: Museums In Qatar For Their Exposure To Foreign Cultures

5. Al Wajbah Fort

Al Wajbah Fort
Image Credit

Dating back to the late 18th century, Al Wajbah fort is one of the oldest historical sites in Qatar. The fort has an important significance as it is known for its battle between the Qatari people and Ottoman forces. It holds a special place in the hearts of the locals and brings out a strong sense of national pride.

Tourists visiting the fort will discover the weaponry displays and exhibits showcasing its history. The fort situated about 15 kms west of Doha, is open to the public for free. The watchtowers in contrast to the flat landscape that surrounds them stand out impressively. It is one of the places to visit in Qatar for its history and to take pictures.

Address: Unnamed Road، Qatar

Opening Hours: Get in touch with the authorities to know more about the timings.

6. The Pigeon Towers

The Pigeon Towers

The pigeon tower is one of the most unique and interesting attractions in Qatar. It is home to several pigeons and their droppings are used as fertilizers by the local farmers. People can take several photos of the traditional Islamic architectural style and even explore the amphitheater and convention center nearby.

If one plans a vacation, the pigeon tower should be on the list of places to see. It will be a vacation to remember as these are a once in a lifetime chance, which may not come again. Along with the towers, people can explore the islands in Qatar as well.

Address: Doha, Qatar

Opening Hours: Get in touch with the authorities to know more about the timings.

Suggested Read: Nightlife In Qatar: What It Holds For Travelers?

7. Ar Rakayat Fort

Ar Rakayat Fort
Image Credit

One of the very few forts, built in the 1980s, Ar Rakayat fort resembles its original structure. It was built to protect the freshwater wells, supplied to the nearby village, and a refuge for the people living in the village during any battle.  Situated in the area northwest, an hour's drive from Doha, it is one of the many forts from the 19th century, built in the traditional style.
One of the many things to do in Qatar is just in awe of the history and simple architecture of the fort. What else can anyone ask for when it comes to sightseeing the simplicity of the country?
Address:  North-west Qatar

Address: North-west Qatar

Opening Hours: Get in touch with the authorities to know more about the timings.

8. Jazirat Bin Ghanam

Jazirat Bin Ghanam

Also known as the purple island, the Jazirat Bin Ghanam is one of the most stunning places to visit in Qatar. Back in the day it used to be a trading port for Bahrain and was never inhabited by people. During 1000 BCE, it was a ground for traders, fishermen, and Peral drivers. The peal camp was hosted during the Sassanian era and late Islamic in 400- 600 CE.


The island was used for the production of a red-purple dye during 1400-1200 BCE. Shellfish and mollusks were certain things used in the making of red-purple dye. The historical site in Qatar makes it the ideal place to visit for its crushed shells and ceramic vats collected during the excavations.  It is home to rare mangroves and shattered wildlife that includes migratory species like herons and flamingos.

Address: Northeast coast of Qatar

Opening Hours: Get in touch with the authorities to know more about the timings.

Suggested Read: Airports In Qatar: New World-Class Gateway To The World

9. Al Jassiya Rock Carvings

Al Jassiya Rock Carvings
Image Credit

Discovered in 1957, Al Jassiya Rock cravings are known for their unique carvings that resemble patterns and shapes of certain kinds of animals.  The meaning behind the carvings has not been found and it remains a mystery. One of the most unique things about the place is that people will find over 874 carved rocks in the shape of rows or rosettes along with letters that were said to have been a part of an ancient game of Al Haloosa.
When planning to visit the place, one has to careful not to touch anything. Besides visiting the carvings, people can even spend a day at the beaches in Qatar.

Address: Qatar

Opening Hours: NA

10. Al Khor Towers

Al Khor Towers

One of the most amazing attractions and heritage sites in Qatar, the towers were built in 1900 to defend and protect the city harbor from the traders, keeping a lookout for invaders and Ain Hleetan Well. The well is said to have therapeutic properties and was a lifeline for people living in the city.

Every tower wall was built at least 60 cm in thickness with mud and stones. It is at a height of 26 feet, which enables guards to keep an eye on the area. If people ever plan to visit the towers, then they should think of looking into staying at one of the hotels in Qatar close by.

Address: Eastern coast of Qatar

Opening Hours: Get in touch with the authorities to know more about the timings.

When planning a family vacation, make a list of all the historical sites in Qatar and explore each one of them. Qatar is filled with some of the most stunning historical attractions people should not miss out on. Tourists will fall in love with the country and will never want to leave. The country has a charm of its own, discovered through its traditions and culture.

FAQs

Q1. Which are some of the heritage sites people should explore in Qatar?

Al Zubarah Archaeological Site, Ruwayda, Barzan Towers, Al Wajbah Fort, Al Zubara Fort and Ar Rakayat Fort are some of the most stunning historical sites people should explore.

Q2. When is it the best time to visit Qatar?

The best time to visit Qatar is from December to February as the weather is pleasant. People can visit the various tourist attractions comfortably.

Q3. What makes Al Wajbah Fort worth visiting?

The fort is one of the oldest historical sites in Qatar known for its battle between the Qatari people and Ottoman forces. People will see some of the weaponry on display.

Q4. What is so unique about the Pigeon towers?

The pigeon tower is home to several pigeons and their droppings are used as fertilizers by the local farmers. People visit the tower for its traditional Islamic architecture as well.

Q5. How many days should tourists spend in Qatar?

Tourists can easily spend at least 4 days in Qatar, exploring each corner of the country.

Q6. What was Jazirat Bin Ghanam used for?

During 1400- 1200 BCE, the island was used for the production of red purple dye. Shellfish and mollusks were used in the making of the dye.

Q7. What is Qatar like to visit?

Right from the desert safaris, to road trips, scuba diving, fly boarding and exploring the historical sites, Qatar has a lot to offer its tourists. It is an amazing place to visit at least once.

Q8. Which is one of the oldest historical sites in Qatar?

Al Wajbah Fort is one of the oldest historical sites in Qatar. It should be on the list of places to see.